MyBatisMyBatis从入门到放弃三:一针对性同样涉嫌查询

前言

     
 简单的话在mybatis.xml中实现关系查询实在是产生若干麻烦,正是因为由框架本质是落实orm的半自动化。
那么mybatis实现一对一之干查询则是使用association属性和resultMap属性。

 

搭建开发环境

     
创建student表、teacher表来充实建筑一对一底关系查询现象,student表添加外键supervisor_id实现和teacher表的干

MyBatis 1MyBatis 2

 1 CREATE TABLE [dbo].[t_teacher](
 2     [id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
 3     [name] [nvarchar](30) NULL,
 4     [title] [nvarchar](30) NULL,
 5 PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
 6 (
 7     [id] ASC
 8 )WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
 9 ) ON [PRIMARY]
10 
11 GO

View Code

MyBatis 3MyBatis 4

 1 CREATE TABLE [dbo].[t_student](
 2     [id] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
 3     [name] [nvarchar](30) NULL,
 4     [major] [nvarchar](30) NULL,
 5     [supervisor_id] [int] NULL,
 6 PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED 
 7 (
 8     [id] ASC
 9 )WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]
10 ) ON [PRIMARY]

View Code

 

一律针对相同关联查询

   一针对性同一涉的要害是在mapper.xml中开创resultMap。
 如下代码看到了于studentResultMap中补充加了性能association,property是以model类中之外键属性名称,别忘指定JavaType

 1 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
 2 <!DOCTYPE mapper
 3         PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"
 4         "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
 5 <mapper namespace="com.autohome.mapper.Student">
 6     <resultMap id="studentResultMap" type="Student">
 7         <id property="id" column="id"/>
 8         <result property="name" column="name"/>
 9         <result property="major" column="major"/>
10         <association property="supervisor" javaType="Teacher">
11             <id property="id" column="t_id" />
12             <result property="name" column="t_name"/>
13             <result property="title" column="title"/>
14         </association>
15     </resultMap>
16 
17  
18     <select id="getStudentById" parameterType="int" resultMap="studentResultMap">
19         SELECT st.id,st.name,st.major,
20                t.id t_id,t.name t_name,t.title
21         FROM t_student st inner join t_teacher t on st.supervisor_id=t.id
22         where st.id=#{id}
23     </select>
24 </mapper>

teacher model

public class Teacher {
    private int id;
    private String name;
    private String title;

    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public String getTitle() {
        return title;
    }

    public void setTitle(String title) {
        this.title = title;
    }
}

student model

public class Student {
    private int id;
    private String name;
    private String major;

    private Teacher supervisor;

    public Teacher getSupervisor() {
        return supervisor;
    }

    public void setSupervisor(Teacher supervisor) {
        this.supervisor = supervisor;
    }


    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public String getMajor() {
        return major;
    }

    public void setMajor(String major) {
        this.major = major;
    }
}

  

单元测试

@Test
    public void getStudentById(){
        SqlSession sqlSession=null;
        try{
            sqlSession=sqlSessionFactory.openSession();

            Student student = sqlSession.selectOne("com.autohome.mapper.Student.getStudentById",1);
            System.out.println("id:"+student.getId()+",name:"+student.getName()+",导师姓名:"+student.getSupervisor().getName()+",导师职称:"+student.getSupervisor().getTitle());
        }catch(Exception e){
            e.printStackTrace();
        }finally {
            sqlSession.close();
        }
    }

附实现截图

MyBatis 5

 

嵌套resultMap

 
 如齐的resultmap用起来连不便利之,万一后续还届外关系查询需要因此到teacher表呢,那么我们拿teacherResultMap单独拿出去,不仅是resultMap可以嵌套,sql语句也得嵌套。

 
 分别创建studentResultMap和suprvisorResultMap。后每当studentResultMap的association中采取resultMap引用supervisorResultMap。

<mapper namespace="com.autohome.mapper.Student">

    <resultMap id="studentResultMap" type="Student">
        <id property="id" column="id"/>
        <result property="name" column="name"/>
        <result property="major" column="major"/>
        <association property="supervisor" resultMap="suprvisorResultMap"/>
    </resultMap>

    <resultMap id="suprvisorResultMap" type="Teacher">
        <id property="id" column="t_id" />
        <result property="name" column="t_name"/>
        <result property="title" column="title"/>
    </resultMap>

    <select id="getStudentById" parameterType="int" resultMap="studentResultMap">
        SELECT st.id,st.name,st.major,
               t.id t_id,t.name t_name,t.title
        FROM t_student st inner join t_teacher t on st.supervisor_id=t.id
        where st.id=#{id}
    </select>
</mapper>

实现结果与上面一样

 

网站地图xml地图