MyBatisJava SSM框架之MyBatis3(一)

MyBatis3介绍

    mybatis就是一个装进来jdbc的持久层框架,它和hibernate都属于ORM框架,不过实际的说,hibernate是一个一心的orm框架,而mybatis是一个不完全的orm框架。

    Mybatis让程序员只关注sql本身,而不需要去关爱如连续的创设、statement的成立等操作。

    Mybatis会将输入参数、输出结果开展映射。

MyBatis3原理

 MyBatis 1

1、mybatis配置

   
SqlMapConfig.xml,此文件作为mybatis的大局配置文件,配置了mybatis的运作环境等信息。

   
mapper.xml文件即sql映射文件,文件中安排了操作数据库的sql语句。此文件需要在SqlMapConfig.xml中加载。

 2、通过mybatis环境等配置音信构造SqlSessionFactory即会话工厂

 3、由会话工厂创立sqlSession即会话,操作数据库需要经过sqlSession进行。

 4、mybatis底层自定义了Executor执行器接口操作数据库,Executor接口有多个实现,一个是主旨执行器、一个是缓存执行器。

 5、Mapped Statement也是mybatis一个底部封装对象,它包裹了mybatis配置信息及sql映射信息等。mapper.xml文件中一个sql对应一个Mapped Statement对象,sql的id即是Mapped statement的id。

 6、Mapped Statement对sql执行输入参数举行定义,包括HashMap、基本项目、pojo,Executor通过Mapped Statement在执行sql前将输入的java对象映射至sql中,输入参数映射就是jdbc编程中对preparedStatement设置参数。

 7、Mapped Statement对sql执行输出结果举办定义,包括HashMap、基本类型、pojo,Executor通过Mapped Statement在实践sql后将出口结果映射至java对象中,输出结果映射过程相当于jdbc编程中对结果的分析处理过程。

MyBatis3入门使用

1.mysql表结构

 

MyBatis 2

创制表语句

CREATE TABLE `user` (
  `id` int(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `username` varchar(32) NOT NULL COMMENT '用户名称',
  `birthday` date DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '生日',
  `sex` char(1) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '性别',
  `address` varchar(256) DEFAULT NULL COMMENT '地址',
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=31 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8

测试数据

insert into `user` (`id`, `username`, `birthday`, `sex`, `address`) values('1','王五',NULL,'2',NULL);
insert into `user` (`id`, `username`, `birthday`, `sex`, `address`) values('10','张三','2014-07-10','1','北京市');
insert into `user` (`id`, `username`, `birthday`, `sex`, `address`) values('16','张小明',NULL,'1','北京市');
insert into `user` (`id`, `username`, `birthday`, `sex`, `address`) values('22','陈小明',NULL,'1','北京市');
insert into `user` (`id`, `username`, `birthday`, `sex`, `address`) values('24','张三丰',NULL,'1','北京市');
insert into `user` (`id`, `username`, `birthday`, `sex`, `address`) values('25','陈小明',NULL,'1','北京市');
insert into `user` (`id`, `username`, `birthday`, `sex`, `address`) values('26','王五',NULL,NULL,'北京市');
insert into `user` (`id`, `username`, `birthday`, `sex`, `address`) values('27','小六子',NULL,NULL,'北京市');
insert into `user` (`id`, `username`, `birthday`, `sex`, `address`) values('35','沐风',NULL,NULL,'北京市');

2.搭建之类工程

MyBatis 3

3.Mybatis的为主包和依赖性包

MyBatis 4

4. User.java类

package com.mf.mybatis.po;

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.Date;


@SuppressWarnings("serial")
public class User implements Serializable{
    private int id;
    private String username;
    private String sex;
    private Date birthday;
    private String address;


    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }
    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }
    public String getUsername() {
        return username;
    }
    public void setUsername(String username) {
        this.username = username;
    }
    public String getSex() {
        return sex;
    }
    public void setSex(String sex) {
        this.sex = sex;
    }
    public Date getBirthday() {
        return birthday;
    }
    public void setBirthday(Date birthday) {
        this.birthday = birthday;
    }
    public String getAddress() {
        return address;
    }
    public void setAddress(String address) {
        this.address = address;
    }
    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "User [id=" + id + ", username=" + username + ", sex=" + sex
                + ", birthday=" + birthday + ", address=" + address + "]";
    }

}

5.创设全局配置文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE configuration
PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"
"http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">

<configuration>
    <environments default="development">
        <environment id="development">
            <transactionManager type="JDBC"></transactionManager>
            <dataSource type="POOLED">
                <property name="driver" value="com.mysql.jdbc.Driver" />
                <property name="url" value="jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/mybatis?characterEncoding=utf-8" />
                <property name="username" value="root" />
                <property name="password" value="root" />
            </dataSource>
        </environment>
    </environments>


    <mappers>
        <mapper resource="User.xml" />
    </mappers>

</configuration>

6.在config目录下,创制User.xml(这种命名规范是由ibatis遗留下来)

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper    
PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN"    
"http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">
<mapper namespace="test">
    <select id="findUserById" parameterType="int" resultType="com.mf.mybatis.po.User">
        SELECT * FROM USER WHERE id =#{id}
    </select>

    <insert id="insertUser" parameterType="com.mf.mybatis.po.User">
        <selectKey keyProperty="id" resultType="int" order="AFTER">
            SELECT LAST_INSERT_ID() 
        </selectKey>

        INSERT INTO USER
        (username,birthday,sex,address)
        VALUES(#{username},#{birthday},#{sex},#{address})
    </insert>

</mapper>

7.测试代码

package com.mf.mybatis.first;

import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.List;

import org.apache.ibatis.io.Resources;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSession;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactory;
import org.apache.ibatis.session.SqlSessionFactoryBuilder;
import org.junit.Test;

import com.mf.mybatis.po.User;


public class MybatisFirst {

    @Test
    public void findUserByIdTest() throws Exception{
        //读取配置文件
        //全局配置文件的路径
        String resource = "SqlMapConfig.xml";
        InputStream inputStream = Resources.getResourceAsStream(resource);

        //创建SqlSessionFactory
        SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(inputStream);

        //创建SqlSession
        SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession();

        //调用SqlSession的增删改查方法
        //第一个参数:表示statement的唯一标示
        User user = sqlSession.selectOne("test.findUserById", 1);
        System.out.println(user);

        //关闭资源
        sqlSession.close();
    }


    @Test
    public void insertUserTest() throws Exception{
        String resource = "SqlMapConfig.xml";
        InputStream inputStream = Resources.getResourceAsStream(resource);


        SqlSessionFactory sqlSessionFactory = new SqlSessionFactoryBuilder().build(inputStream);


        SqlSession sqlSession = sqlSessionFactory.openSession();

        User user = new User();
        user.setUsername("沐风");
        user.setAddress("mufeng");


        sqlSession.insert("test.insertUser", user);

        System.out.println(user.getId());

        sqlSession.commit();

        sqlSession.close();
    } 
}

 

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