MySQLCentOS6.5内 MySQL5.7.19编译安装

用作博主这样的Linux菜鸟,CentOS下最欣赏的就是yum安装。但奇迹因为十分情况(例如被墙等),某些软件恐怕没办法间接通过yum来安装,这时候我们得以应用编译安装或者直接二进制文件安装。

本博文用于记录编译安装MySQL的长河:

1.第一下载相关资源:

组件 官方网站 下载地址 备注
mysql http://dev.mysql.com/ https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.19.tar.gz mysql源码
Boost http://www.boost.org/ http://120.52.73.44/nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/boost/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz 编译时使用,必须是Boost 1.59.0

2.装置倚重包:

yum install -y gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake zlib* fiex* libxml* ncurses-devel libmcrypt* libtool-ltdl-devel* make cmake  libaio libaio-devel autoconf bzr bison libtool

3.解压并设置Boost(拷贝至/usr/local/boost目录)

tar -zxf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz
mv /tmp/boost_1_59_0 /usr/local/boost

4.解压MySQL源玛

tar -zxf mysql-5.7.19.tar.gz

5.备选MySQL数据,日志等途径,并创立mysql用户,赋予mysql用户相关文件夹权限

mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql /binlog/mysqlog /data/mysql
groupadd -r mysql
useradd -g mysql -r -d /data/mysql mysql
chown -R mysql.mysql /usr/local/mysql /binlog/mysqlog /data/mysql

6.编译安装

cd mysql-5.7.19
cmake \
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql \
-DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 \
-DWITH_DEBUG=0 \
-DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_PERFSCHEMA_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc/my.cnf \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
-DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost \

make && make install

7.编辑my.cnf文件

vi /etc/my.cnf

多少个路子的地方记得修改:

[mysqld]
datadir=/data/mysql
socket=/tmp/mysql.sock
basedir = /usr/local/mysql

# basic setting
user=mysql
port=3306
server-id=11

#log
slow_query_log_file = /binlog/mysqlog/slow.log
slow_query_log = 1

# Disabling symbolic-links is recommended to prevent assorted security risks
symbolic-links=0

log-error=/binlog/mysqlog/err.log

8.初始化MySQL

cd /usr/local/mysql/bin
./mysqld --initialize --user=mysql --datadir=/data/mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --socket=/tmp/mysql.sock --log-error=/binlog/mysqlog/err.log --log-bin=/binlog/mysqlog/mysql-bin

9.添加MySQL服务

cd /tmp/mysql-5.7.19/support-files
cp mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysql
chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysql

10.启动MySQL

/etc/init.d/mysql start

11.查看mysql进程

ps -ef | grep mysql

12.建立Mysql映射

ln -s /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /usr/bin

13.查找mysql开始密码

sudo grep 'temporary password' /binlog/mysqlog/err.log

14.第一登录,修改密码

mysql -uroot -p

set password=password('newpassword');

打完收工。

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