CentOS 7下安装配备proftpd搭建ftp服务器

proftpd全称:Professional FTP
daemon,是针对性Wu-FTP的毛病而支付的,除了改正的安全性,还持有许多Wu-FTP没有的风味,能以Stand-alone、xinetd格局运行等。ProFTP已经变为继Wu-FTP之后最好盛行的FTP服务器软件,越来越多的站点选取它构筑安全高效的FTP站点,ProFTP配置方便,并有MySQL和Quota模块可供选用,利用它们的秉公持正结合可以完成非系统账号的管制和用户磁盘的限量。<摘抄百度百科>

本章通过下载源码的点子安装,可以到官网下载最新版本:http://www.proftpd.org/

1、首先安装lrzsz方便拷贝文件到要搭建服务器的linux路径下

yum install lrzsz

2、上传文件解压

将下载已毕的proftpd-1.3.6.tar.gz文件上流传指定路线,使用tar
zxvf proftpd-1.3.6.tar.gz解压

3、由于选取源码安装,所以要求设置gcc编译环境

yum install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake

3、配置并制虞诩装和布局文件路径

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/proftpd –sysconfdir=/usr/local/proftpd

4、安装

make&make install

5、修改配置文件,限制匿名用户可以上传下载,但是不能去除(本章暂不详细描述权限决定部分内容)

vi /usr/local/proftpd/proftpd.conf

# This is a basic ProFTPD configuration file (rename it to 
# 'proftpd.conf' for actual use.  It establishes a single server
# and a single anonymous login.  It assumes that you have a user/group
# "nobody" and "ftp" for normal operation and anon.

ServerName                      "Welcome to FTP Server"
ServerType                      standalone
DefaultServer                   on

# Port 21 is the standard FTP port.
Port                            21

# Don't use IPv6 support by default.
UseIPv6                         off

# Umask 022 is a good standard umask to prevent new dirs and files
# from being group and world writable.
Umask                           022

# To prevent DoS attacks, set the maximum number of child processes
# to 30.  If you need to allow more than 30 concurrent connections
# at once, simply increase this value.  Note that this ONLY works
# in standalone mode, in inetd mode you should use an inetd server
# that allows you to limit maximum number of processes per service
# (such as xinetd).
MaxInstances                    30

# Set the user and group under which the server will run.
User                            nobody
Group                           nobody

# To cause every FTP user to be "jailed" (chrooted) into their home
# directory, uncomment this line.
#DefaultRoot ~

# Normally, we want files to be overwriteable.
AllowOverwrite          on

IdentLookups            off
UseReverseDNS           off

# Bar use of SITE CHMOD by default
<Limit SITE_CHMOD>
  AllowAll
</Limit>

# A basic anonymous configuration, no upload directories.  If you do not
# want anonymous users, simply delete this entire <Anonymous> section.
<Anonymous /home>
  User                          ftp
  Group                         ftp

  # We want clients to be able to login with "anonymous" as well as "ftp"
  UserAlias                     anonymous ftp

  # Limit the maximum number of anonymous logins
  MaxClients                    50

  # We want 'welcome.msg' displayed at login, and '.message' displayed
  # in each newly chdired directory.
  DisplayLogin                  welcome.msg
  DisplayChdir                  .message

  # Limit WRITE everywhere in the anonymous chroot
  <Limit DELE RMD>
    DenyAll
  </Limit>
</Anonymous>

6、关闭防火墙

systemctl stop firewalld.service

systemctl disable firewalld.service

7、启动服务器

/usr/local/proftpd/sbin/proftpd

翻开进度是或不是早已启动

[root@localhost ~]# ps -ef |grep proftpd
nobody    1140     1  0 12:13 ?        00:00:00 proftpd: (accepting connections)
root      3182  2270  0 12:50 pts/0    00:00:00 grep --color=auto proftpd  

8、添加到启动项幸免每一趟重启后都急需手动启动

vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local

#!/bin/bash
# THIS FILE IS ADDED FOR COMPATIBILITY PURPOSES
#
# It is highly advisable to create own systemd services or udev rules
# to run scripts during boot instead of using this file.
#
# In contrast to previous versions due to parallel execution during boot
# this script will NOT be run after all other services.
#
# Please note that you must run 'chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.local' to ensure
# that this script will be executed during boot.

touch /var/lock/subsys/local
/usr/local/proftpd/sbin/proftpd

由于在centos7中/etc/rc.d/rc.local的权限被下跌了,所以要求添加可实施的权杖:

chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.local

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